This year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry goes to Benjamin List from Germany and Scottish – born American researcher David WC Macmillan for his methods of accelerating chemical reactions. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences was announced in Stockholm on Wednesday.
Winners of the Chemical Prize of the Year have developed a new and unique tool for creating molecules and organocatalysis. It is used to research new drugs and has also contributed to making the chemistry more environmentally friendly.
Organocatalysis has developed at an amazing rate. With the help of these reactions, researchers are now able to produce many things more efficiently, from new drugs to molecules that can capture light in solar cells.
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The most prestigious award for chemists this year is a total of ten million crowns (approximately 980,000 euros). The award ceremony traditionally takes place on December 10, the anniversary of the death of founder Alfred Nobel.
Since 1901, 185 different researchers have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. One of them, Frederick Sanger of Britain, received it twice. So far, the winners were seven women, for example Marie Curie in 1911, who discovered the radioactive elements polonium and radium. In 2020, French Emmanuel Sarpentier and American researcher Jennifer A., who works in Berlin. Dowdna went on to develop genetic scissors for genetic modification.
On Monday, the Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to David Julius (USA) and Lebanese-born researcher Artem Padaputian for their work on temperature and tactile sensations.
On Tuesday, Hamburg meteorologist Klaus Hasselman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. He shares half the price with the Japanese-born American Chiguro Manabe. Both formed the solid physical foundation for our knowledge of climate change. The other half goes to the Italian Giorgio Paris for the task of understanding complex systems.
This year’s Nobel Prize winners for Literature and Peace will be announced on Thursday and Friday. The series ends next Monday, October 11, with the so-called Nobel Prize for Economics donated by the Swedish Reich Bank.
Winners since 2011
2020: Genetic researcher Emmanuel Sarpentier (France) and Jennifer A. Dowdna (USA), who has worked in Germany for many years, has been instrumental in the development of genetic scissors for genetic modification.
2019: John Gudeno of the United States, Stanley Whitingham of the United Kingdom, and Akira Yoshino of Japan. You played a key role in the development of rechargeable lithium ion batteries.
2018: Francis Arnold of the United States, his comrade George Smith and Gregory Winter of the United Kingdom developed methods that could produce biofuels, drugs, and therapeutic antibodies in an environmentally friendly manner.
2017: British Richard Henderson for the German-American Joachim Frank, Swiss Jacks Dubochet and cryo-electron microscope. This allows us to examine biological molecules in detail – for example, showing three-dimensional images of proteins.
2016: French Jean-Pierre Savage, Native British James Fraser Stoddard and Dutch Bernard Feringa. They made artificial muscles and a mini car out of a few molecules.
2015: Tomas Lindall (Sweden), Paul Modrich (USA) and Aziz Sankar (USA / Turkey) described genetic repair tools. These findings are being used, among other things, to find cancer drugs.
2014: German researcher Stephen Hell and Americans Eric Betsik and William Morner for the discovery of super-resolution microscopes. It allows you to see living cells and monitor the processes of diseases such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s.
2013: Martin Carplus (USA / Austria), Michael Levitt (USA / Great Britain) and Ari Warschel (USA / Israel) are methods that can actually reproduce even complex chemical reactions.
2012: Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka from the United States to discover receptors that send many signals from outside the body’s cells.
2011: Don Schechmann (Israel) discovered kvass crystals that were previously considered impossible by many chemists.
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