Iran nuclear program, better known as the Iran nuclear deal, has remained a source of conflict since May 2018, when the US backed out from the deal. Since then, the once-stabilized US-Iran relations have deteriorated steadily to an extent that they are now hanging by a thread and stand at the brink of war.
To make the matters worse, the officials at the White House have now employed a divisive foreign policy to mount pressure on the Iranian government on a global scale and at the same time turning the Iranian citizens against the government and leaders. In a recently introduced policy, the US has extended waivers allowing Iran to work at its nuclear sites and has also allowed medicines for cancer and organ transplant patients to be delivered in Iran through a Swiss humanitarian channel.
To ensure the Iran nuclear program is not further violated by the Iranian government, the US has decided to allow Russian, Chinese and European companies to continue their work at Iranian nuclear sites. As per the claims of the Trump administration, the presence of JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action) partners will prevent Iran from enriching nuclear stockpile and developing more nuclear weapons.
On the other hand, the US officials have imposed new sanctions on the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) and its top official. AEOI is the main organization that manages every activity related to nuclear energy in the country. With multiple components of the deal like ban on arms sales and travel restrictions for senior Iranian officials nearing its end, imposing additional sanctions on Iran has increased the chances of the US-Iran conflict.
Moreover, the decision to extend waiver on the Iran nuclear program has not gone well with some of the Republicans. While expressing discontent over the decision, Sen. Marco Rubio said, “While I am glad to see new sanctions imposed against Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization and its chief, the administration should terminate the controversial sanctions waivers on Iran’s civil nuclear program and exert maximum pressure on the regime in Tehran.”
Speaking on the latest sanctions and extending waiver, Brian Hook, US special representative for Iran, said, “The United States is renewing for 60 days, four nuclear restrictions on Iran that permit the continuation of non-proliferation projects that constrain Iran’s nuclear activities. We will closely monitor all developments in Iran’s nuclear program and Secretary (Mike) Pompeo can end these projects as developments warrant.”
“The Atomic Energy Organization of Iran has played a big role in Iran breaching its key nuclear commitments. It has exceeded the limits on its uranium stockpiles and enrichment levels,” he added.
Many claim that it was the “maximum pressure” policy that brought Iran amidst inflation and economy crackdown. Since it is known that the US takes each step with a hidden agenda and each policy is impacting Iran or the relations between the two countries, where will the different actions policy take Iran in the future?