Status: 08/03/2022 10:11 pm
A ceasefire has been in force in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of the South Caucasus since 2020. A tenuous agreement has now been broken. The conflicting parties, Armenia and Azerbaijan, unanimously declared new conflicts.
New conflicts have erupted between rival factions Armenia and Azerbaijan in the South Caucasus region of Nagorno-Karabakh. Azerbaijani and Armenian officials confirmed the clashes.
The Ministry of Defense in Azerbaijan said Armenian militants tried to occupy a mountain in the region, Reuters news agency reported. Government-owned forces would have repulsed the attack. Several Armenians and one soldier from Azerbaijan were killed. The soldier died as a result of shelling from an area controlled by Russian peacekeepers since the end of the war in November 2020, the dpa news agency reported, citing Azerbaijani information.
Mutual accusations of ceasefire violations
According to Reuters, the Armenian Foreign Ministry also announced the attack in the Nagorno-Karabakh region. However, it was from the Azerbaijani forces. Armenian soldiers are targeted by drone strikes. Both sides have accused each other of violating the ceasefire that has been in place since the war ended in 2020. According to Armenian reports, at least one member of its own army was killed and eight wounded.
As reported by the Russian news agency Interfax, Russia also takes responsibility for the new clashes on the Azerbaijani side. In the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenia is supported by Russia and Azerbaijan is supported by Turkey.
A conflict spanning decades
Conflict over the region erupted after the end of the Soviet Union in 1991, in which Nagorno-Karabakh had the status of an autonomous region of the Soviet Union. With the declaration of independence of Armenia and Azerbaijan, both states claimed an area of about 12,000 square kilometers. According to international law, the territory with the majority of Armenians belongs to Azerbaijan.
In 1992, war broke out in the region, killing around 30,000 people and displacing hundreds of thousands over the next two years. The war ended in 1994 – temporarily with an Armenian victory. In 2020, Azerbaijan regained large parts of the region. At least 6,500 people died in the fighting, which lasted about six weeks. Fierce fighting ended with the signing of a ceasefire in November 2020, which has been repeatedly broken since it was signed.
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