Thursday, April 22, 2021
The cold seasons are very hot
2020 broke the temperature record for Europe
Dry summer, mild winter: 2020 will be the hottest year in Europe’s weather history. It was particularly hot in the northeast of the continent. Climate change was significant in Germany – for example with severe flood and rainfall records.
Climate change will not stop: Last year was a record for Europe. This was shared by Copernicus (C3S), a European climate change service European State of the Climate Report In London with.
Although there were fewer intense heat waves last summer than in previous years, temperatures averaged higher overall. Autumn and winter on the European continent will never be warmer than in 2020. Winters in the three decades of 1980 and 2010 were 3.4 degrees Celsius higher than average.
It was especially hot in Northeast Europe. C3S Director Carlo Puntembo stressed the fight against global warming: “We must accelerate our efforts to reduce future risks,” he said. The temperature curve is pointed upwards globally: According to the report, 2020 is one of the three warmest years of all recorded years globally.
Global warming is particularly troubling in the Siberian Arctic. The temperature there was sometimes 6 degrees higher than the reference period. Thus the global five-year average from 1850 to 1900 reached a new high of 1.2 degrees above the pre-industrial value.
Greenhouse gas concentrations continue to rise, the report said. Since the launch of satellite-based measurements in 2003, annual greenhouse gas concentrations have never been recorded in the atmosphere more than last year. However, carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) grew differently here. Although the CO2 concentration during corona infections increased slightly more slowly than it did recently, the reduced activity may have been due, for example in air traffic, the acceleration of the increase in CH4 concentration.
Extreme weather in Germany
The year 2020 also saw record rainfall. The wet winter was followed by a dry spring and summer. The effects are flooding first, followed by drought. This affected the Rhine with low water levels. “This wet-dry change had a significant impact across the continent, resulting in a transition from high to low water levels in some parts of northwestern Europe,” the report said. In the autumn, the storm “Alex” brought daily rainfall records and fresh flooding in Western Europe.
The European Union’s Climate Change Service produces monthly reports on air temperature, sea ice and water cycle. It is based on data and sample calculations of satellites, ships, aircraft and meteorological stations around the world.