The sun is the source of life on earth. It radiates light and heat, or solar energy, which makes it possible for various species to thrive on Earth. But what will happen when the giant star spends all its fuel? This is the subject of a study conducted by a group of scholars and Submitted to The Astrophysical Journal. In the paper, the scientists said that five billion years from now, the Sun will lose all its life-giving powers and become a red giant.
Giving details of the chaos that will follow, the researchers said our home, the Earth, will face a shameful end. They claimed that the sun would devour Mercury, Venus, and possibly Earth.
Researchers conducted 3D hydrodynamic simulations to understand a range of outcomes after a planet is swallowed up by a Sun-like star. They said the results depend on the size of the swallowed object and the stage of the star’s evolution.
The researchers explained that the process of “planetary ingestion” is common in the life cycle of stellar systems.
“As for the state of the Earth, I think it’s unclear whether or not it would swallow up, but it would certainly be impossible to live on,” said Ricardo Yarza, a graduate student in astronomy at the University of California. The New York Times.
In the red giant phase, when the Sun loses hydrogen, its boundaries will expand hundreds of times.
The latest research predicts several other outcomes: the sinking planet could be pushed into a new, tighter orbit, and others could help create a new world.
Earlier this month, the European Space Agency (ESA) released research results which claimed that the Sun had reached its middle age, estimated at 4.57 billion years. She also said the Sun appears to be going through a midlife crisis, with frequent solar flares, coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and solar storms.
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