November 26, 2022

Raven Tribune

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The world’s first woman: an HIV patient cured of umbilical cord blood

The world’s first woman
The HIV patient was cured by the blood of the umbilical cord

With modern medicine, HIV infections can be controlled, but not yet cured. Now, American researchers have taken another step in this direction. You can stop the virus in a woman. This is a turning point in more than one way.

A patient in the United States has been diagnosed with HIV after stem cell transplant surgery using umbilical cord blood. According to a study group led by a doctor. Yvonne J. Bryson is a pediatrician at the UCLA David Jeffen School of Medicine. Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections In Denver, Colorado.

“The New York patient”, as the research team calls her, is only the third person in the world to be cured of HIV – and the first woman. Also, he is of black and white descent. He was diagnosed with HIV in 2013 and leukemia in 2017. He was promoted because he was treated at the New York-Presbyterian / Weil Cornell Medical Center.

He was the first to use umbilical cord blood to treat acute myeloid leukemia that begins in the blood-producing cells in the bone marrow. She also received blood from a close relative to boost her immunity during transplant surgery. “Relative transplant surgery is like a bridge that has brought her to the point of stem bleeding,” Marshall Gleasby was quoted as saying by the New York Times. Weil was a member of the Epidemiology Research Committee of Cornell Medicine. Thirty-seven months after treatment, the woman stopped taking antiretroviral drugs. For the past 14 months he has been living with HIV.

Women need different treatment

The pediatric stem donor is naturally resistant to the virus that causes AIDS through genetic predisposition. “This is now the third time in this organization and the first cure for a woman living with HIV,” said Sharon Levine, president – elect of the International AIDS Society.

The previous two cases were male patients. Timothy Ray Brown, known as the “Berlin Patient”, had been without the virus for twelve years. Until he dies of cancer in 2020. In 2019, another patient identified as Adam Castiljo was reported to have been cured of HIV. Both received bone marrow transplants from donors who carried a mutation that prevented HIV infection. This mutation has so far been found in only about 20,000 donors, most of them of Northern European descent.

It is believed that HIV infection occurs differently in women than in men. However, so far, only eleven percent of those involved in treatment efforts are women, although more than half of all HIV patients worldwide are women. More people can be treated with this new approach. According to researchers, the circle of people who can receive similar treatment expands to several dozen a year. Worldwide, nearly 38 million people live with HIV, and 73 percent of them are being treated.

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