December 9, 2022

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Two cards to the “Midterms”: This is what the US election results actually look like

Two maps for “midterms”.
This is what the outcome of the US election looks like

The US midterm elections are still undecided: key decisions in the House of Representatives are still pending. Is the US electoral map really glowing Republican red almost everywhere? ntv.de shows a real majority in America.

Counting of votes in the US Congressional elections is ongoing in many states. As it became known over the weekend, the Democratic Party — the party of current President Joe Biden — is done A majority in the Senate narrowly guarded. On the other hand, the balance of power in the House of Representatives is still open.

As of Sunday evening, 20 of the 435 orders were still undelivered. The reason for the delay is, among others, special election regulations in individual states. Republicans have a slight lead in the House of Representatives. Most recently, it was 211 to 204 for the party, including former President Donald Trump. The majority threshold in the “Assembly” is 218 seats. The opposition Republican Party needed only nine additional seats – while the Democrats needed 14.

Note: ntv.de infographics are constantly updated.

Traditional US electoral map, electoral districts by area:

Looking at a typical electoral map (here: “map view”), it’s easy to get the impression that the American people are overwhelmingly Republican in this poll, due to some quirks in US election law. Most of the areas are illuminated in republic red.

However, well-known geographic definitions paint a more distorted picture: in elections to the House of Representatives, MPs are elected by constituency. For this purpose, the United States is divided into 435 congressional districts (“congressional districts”), roughly scaled by population size.

Conclusion: This segmentation results in significant differences between densely populated areas, such as the East and West coasts and rural areas in the Midwest. Much of America glows red: The familiar outlines of traditional electoral maps give the impression of strong Republican dominance.

A stylized US electoral map, one-size-fits-all for all constituencies:

It’s only the sparsely populated rural areas where Republicans are ahead. This makes the party stronger than it really is. Large population centers, where Democrats won many seats, figure less well on the classic American map. It makes them seem small and almost insignificant.

A skewed look can be quickly fixed: looking at a stylized electoral map (here: “tile view”) shows the same data – only here the electoral districts are shown in the same size as the hexagonal tiles. Each block in this so-called “tilemap” is represented by a regular hexagon. This presents a more balanced picture based on actual election results – the House of Representatives will not be dominated by Republicans for the foreseeable future. Most are very tight.

All 435 seats in the House of Representatives and 35 of the 100 seats in the Senate were up for election in the midterm elections of President Biden’s four-year term. 36 governorships and other key offices in the states were also filled. Congressional seat allocation determines how much political time an incumbent president has for the remaining two years.

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