S.Eleventh, climate experts in Glasgow unanimously give a positive rating on the announcements made by leading politicians. One of the exceptions was the announcement made by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the opening of COP26 of the UN Climate Conference. His country will receive half of its energy consumption from renewable sources by 2030, which will significantly reduce coal-fired power generation. Experts have found that this is a significant improvement.
At the same time, he clarified his price. “India expects developed countries to contribute $ 1 trillion to climate funding. Countries that have not kept their promises are now under increasing pressure to question justice,” Modi said.
Already in 2009 at the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, poor countries were promised $ 100 billion a year. These should be available by 2020, but that is not happening. Now the amount should be ready in two years, says Glasgow.
The Prime Minister of India is demanding ten times more money than previously promised on behalf of other developing and developing countries. Chinese President Xi Jinping, who is not in Glasgow, called on industrialized nations to extend greater support to developing and developing countries.
It is clear that the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees and achieving global climate neutrality by the middle of the century cannot be achieved without the cooperation of all nations. Poor countries are successfully putting pressure on rich countries – by pointing out who is really responsible for climate change. The G-20 countries are responsible for 80 percent of the world’s greenhouse gases, with member state China topping the list of coal consumers, followed by India and the United States. Germany is in tenth place.
Conflict exchange between US and China
The geopolitical impact of climate change can also be seen in the verbal exchanges between the two major rivals, the United States and China. Before launching COP26, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken reminded his counterpart Wang Yee, “China, the world’s largest polluter, is ultimately doing what is right and important for its people. If we are not all doing something together, take the necessary steps towards the 1.5 degree goal, then we have a problem.
But Beijing’s leadership was not impressed and did not set any new national goals before the start of the climate conference. “Climate diplomacy can move the movement where it is needed. However, for China, pure international pressure is a difficult tool. As the United States demands it, Beijing will not publicly signal that it is doing anything,” said Jennifer Dolman.
An expert from the climate think tank E3G also points out that Beijing has announced improvements despite the terms. Because when heads of state and heads of state leave Glasgow on Tuesday evening, the UN Climate Summit will actually begin, perhaps for the Chinese as well. Until November 12, perhaps for a few more days, the state parties will negotiate and negotiate.
“The negotiation process for the new climate finance target from 2025 begins here in Glasgow. The demands of Indian Prime Minister Modi are the starting shot for this process,” explains Rixa Schwartz, who is in charge of international climate policy in development. And the ecosystem Germanwatch.
Since every state party has the same vote, it cannot win in Glasgow without consensus. With this in mind, Schwartz said even small countries can have a big impact. “Gambia, for example, has set the political bar high by proposing a national climate plan that is in line with the 1.5-degree target. Well-functioning states do not want to be a deterrent,” the climate expert said.
How big the expectations are for Glasgow becomes clear, especially in discussions with representatives of poorer countries. “Our country is suffering from more and more floods and droughts, which puts supply at risk. But getting money from climate funds is very bureaucratic,” said Bolivia’s Deputy Environment Minister Magin Herrera Lopez. But climate protection rules apply to everyone. ”
Adoption of the General Rule Book for Measuring Measures to be taken in the fight against global warming is also on the agenda of the summit, which is actually just beginning.
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