If the recent past is any indication, there are a number of ways in which Russian hackers can disrupt American companies and the general public.
Some of the biggest cyber attacks against US infrastructure in the past two years have been linked to suspected Russian hackers. The list includes the SolarWinds hack that infiltrated several government agencies in 2020, the ransomware attack that forced the shutdown of one of America’s largest fuel pipelines for several days last year and another attack on one of the world’s largest meat producers, JBS.
While many online attacks cannot be directly linked to the Russian state, there is a widespread belief that hackers operate with Russia’s blessing, according to Herb Lin, a senior researcher on cyber policy and security at Stanford University’s Center for Security and International Cooperation.
Lynn told CNN Business.
extending from ukraine
Ukraine has already faced several cyberattacks since the conflict with Russia began, including an attack on Wednesday targeting the website of the country’s parliament as well as several banks and government agencies.
Analysts say that even cyber-attacks against Ukraine could have repercussions beyond the country’s borders (both physical and virtual). In a report released Tuesday, analysts at S&P Global Ratings noted “the increased risk of cyberattacks on Ukraine … which could create adverse effects for businesses, governments and other parties in the region and beyond.”
The analysts added that companies around the world that work with organizations in Ukraine need to be particularly vigilant, “since communications to Ukrainian systems may be used as a focal point for other objectives.”
Even if Russian hackers don’t set their sights directly on American entities, Ukraine’s dependence on foreign technology could pose major problems for the United States, Lin said.
“For example, Ukraine doesn’t have its own spy satellites, so where do you get the spy photos from? They get them from commercial satellites,” Lin said, with some companies behind those potentially commercial satellites in United State. “This is an obvious place where you would expect Russian cyberattacks to be targeted. This is just one example of what might be possible.”
If the conflict in Ukraine escalates, Lin added, “all things in the United States that directly help the Ukrainian military … become fair game for the Russians to target.”
As previous precedent has shown, it appears that Russian cyber attackers are increasingly targeting large-scale US infrastructure – and there is only so much consumers can do about it despite the resulting disruption in their lives.
Arguably, the onus is on the public and private sectors to prepare. Lynn notes that the US banking system may be particularly vulnerable to attack, with Biden’s sanctions aimed at crippling the Russian financial system making US banks a ripe target for retaliation – particularly if the US moves to further isolate Russia from global financial networks.
The Biden administration has focused on strengthening America’s cyber defenses in recent months to protect against external attacks, including government entities and large corporations. But vulnerabilities are always there, and all it takes is one breach.
“are they [cyberattackers] Do you find it more difficult to succeed? “Yes, but the problem is we don’t see those,” Lin said. Suppose they succeed once in ten times instead of once in five. It’s still one in ten, and no one notices the others who have failed.”
– CNN’s Shawn Lingas and Julia Horowitz contributed to this report
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