January 28, 2023

Raven Tribune

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US President at Climate Summit: “We must act – we all”

Status: 04/22/2021 5:08 p.m.

U.S. President Biden called on the global community to take decisive action at the start of his online climate summit. “We have no choice,” he warned. China has promised to reduce coal use by 2025.

US President Joe Biden has called on the world community to set more ambitious goals in the fight against climate change. “We have to act – we all do,” Biden said at the start of the US-organized Digital Climate Summit. In the fight against global warming, urgent action is needed: “We really have no choice.” The symptoms are vague, science cannot deny, Biden continues. “The cost of doing nothing increases.” He called for a collective strength, especially seeing the world’s largest economies as a duty.

“We have to make an effort”

Biden argued that looking at economic opportunities in climate protection measures: energy transformation, electromopility expansion and infrastructure measures provide the opportunity to create millions of well-paying jobs. The U.S. president said “no country can solve this crisis on its own” and stressed the more ambitious goals of controlling climate-damaging greenhouse gas emissions. “Each of us, especially those of us who represent the world’s largest economies, must make an effort.”

The United States wants to halve greenhouse gas emissions by 2030

Ahead of the summit, the United States announced that it wanted to halve its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. Emissions should be reduced by 50 to 52 percent compared to 2005. With the new climate goal, the United States meets the requirements of the Paris Climate Agreement, in which Biden deports the country as one of his first official actions. His predecessor Donald Trump had pulled out of the international deal. The climate agreement provides that signed states must improve their climate targets every five years.

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UN Secretary-General: “We are on the brink of an abyss”

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called for a global coalition for greenhouse gas neutrality in the middle of the century in which “every country, region, city, institution and sector should be involved.” Taxes on CO2 emissions are needed, coal and oil should no longer be subsidized, and coal burning in industrialized countries should end by 2030.

“We are seeing sea levels gradually rising, temperatures warming, devastating tropical cyclones and epic wildfires,” Guterres said. “We need a green planet – but the world is on a red alert. We are on the brink of an abyss.”

China wants to reduce coal use

At the summit, China pledged to reduce its coal use from 2025. State and party leader Xi Jinping said his country wanted to “strictly control” coal-fired power plants. Under the current five-year plan until 2025, the increase in climate-damaging coal consumption should be “strictly limited” and gradually reduced during the following plan until 2030. He reiterated his commitment that China aims to increase its emissions before 2030. Carbon neutral before 2060. This means that carbon dioxide is not emitted or CO2 emissions are not fully compensated.

Merkel: Germany will make its contribution

At the summit, President Angela Merkel (CDU) welcomed America’s new climate goal. This is a clear commitment and an important signal to the global community in the fight against global warming. The world depends on the role of the United States in achieving global goals of reducing greenhouse gases. Merkel said Germany had reduced its greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent compared to 1990. The country will continue to follow this path. Germany will do its part to achieve the EU goal of reducing greenhouse gases by 55 percent by 2030.

By 2030, the European Union will be 55 percent

On the eve of the climate summit, the European Union officially pledged to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55 percent by 2030 and to reduce the new climate-free economy by 2050. The UK aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 68 per cent to 1990 levels. Emissions are expected to be reduced by 78 percent by 2035 compared to 1990 levels. Prime Minister Boris Johnson told the summit that Britain had shown that it could reduce emissions and achieve even more significant economic growth. Recovering from an infection can be used to invest in a greener future.

Japan’s Prime Minister Yoshihide Suu Kyi has announced that her country wants to reduce emissions by 46 percent in fiscal 2030/2031 compared to fiscal 2013. So far, only 26 percent are planned to be reduced. As Prime Minister Justin Trudeau promised, Canada wants to reduce emissions by 40 to 45 percent between 2005 and 2030.

Different starting points – 1990 and 2005 – make it difficult to compare goals. According to the EU reading, the US target of minus 50 per cent compared to 2005 is equivalent to a 43 per cent reduction compared to 1990.

40 states are involved

As of today, about 40 heads of state and government will be advising at the Digital Climate Summit. It is considered an important preparation for the climate conference to be held in Glasgow in November. Experts agree that there is much more to be done around the world by 2030 if global warming is to stay below two degrees, as nearly 200 countries in Paris agreed in 2015. The Earth has already warmed 1.2 degrees compared to pre-industrial times.